Safety Teams and Organizational Structure
    Access to Information
    Facility Expectations
    Engagement of Patient/Client/Resident and Family



Key Items

Road Map to a Comprehensive Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) Prevention Program. Complete the HAI road map prior to beginning the gap analysis.

VAE Prevention Strategies - Gap Analysis. Complete this gap analysis to identify where you need to develop action plans.

Ventilator-Associated Events (VAE) – prevention strategies

VAE Gap Analysis

The Ventilator-Associated Events (VAE) Prevention Strategies includes a checklist of core and enhanced prevention strategies. Core prevention strategies should always be in place. Examples include:

  • Provide patient/family education.
  • Elevation of the head of the bed.
  • Daily sedation vacation/readiness to extubate.
  • Prophylaxis of peptic ulcer disease.
  • Prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
  • Documentation practices.
  • Education specific to ventilator-associated events.


Tools for VAE Road Map Topics -

Supporting VAE Reduction


Share Your Knowledge/Contribute to this Site

You'll notice that some sections of this website lack supporting materials. We're asking CHAIN participants to share tools and resources to add to this site. Sharing knowledge will help us all provide better care to people in Minnesota.

Send us your tool and resource suggestions.

Be an active member of CHAIN. Together, we can reduce HAI rates.

Use these sample tools as templates and to take action in your organization.

CDC Ventilator-associated Event Calculator. A web-based tool designed to help you learn how the VAE surveillance definition algorithm works and assist you in making VAE determinations (must have javascript enabled).

VAE Antimicrobial Worksheet. A National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) worksheet designed to help identify patients who meet the “Infection-related Ventilator-Associated Complication” (IVAC) surveillance definition. The worksheet also helps staff organize a patient’s antimicrobial administration data to determine whether the IVAC antimicrobial criterion is met. To use, you must be familiar with the VAE surveillance definition algorithm and protocol and have access to the patient’s Medication Administration Record (MAR). (1-page PDF)

VAE frequently asked questions. FAQs from the National Healthcare Safety Network. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (23-page PDF)

VAE Protocol, April 2015. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (47-page PDF)

Surveillance Resources for VAEs. Training, webinars, case studies, protocols, data collection, calculator, worksheets, analysis resources, and supporting materials. For in-plan surveillance for neonatal and pediatric patients, see PNEU/VAP.

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CHAIN is an effort lead by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology-Minnesota (APIC MN), Minnesota Department of Health, Minnesota Hospital Association, and Stratis Health, which represents Lake Superior Quality Innovation Network in Minnesota.